Gir National Park:
The Kingdom of the Asiatic Lions
Gir, the royal kingdom of the Asiatic lions is the ideal home for a large portion of the untamed life animals and with the nearness of awesome environs and geography thronging along this area; the territory has truly got its actual significance. Other than Africa, Gir National Park in Gujarat is the main spot on the planet where you can spot lions wandering freely and safely in nature.
Consistently, Gir has transformed into an exceptionally stable environment with gigantic recovering, self-supporting and self-managingpower because of its rich and different vegetation. It supports a rich biodiversity including around 450 recorded blooming plants species, 32 sorts of warm blooded animals , 26 sorts of reptiles, around 300 sorts of birds and more than 2000 types of insects. Other than lions, Italso harbours an assortment of jeopardized and threatened species - antelope panthers, hyenas, deer, crocodiles and jackals and gives breeding ground to numerous migratory and residentbirds.
History of Gir Forest
The region of Gir National Park was the hunting ground amid British Rule in India.Hunting of tigers and lions for the Britishers, a couple of Rajas and Maharajas was considered as the matter of mind boggling pride. Aimless hunting by the general population of Junagarhincited their diminishment in masses unquestionably, while they were totally wiped out from alternate parts of Asia. It was the kind effort of Nawabs of Junagarh who guaranteed the ruler power in his own private hunting grounds. Later in due course of time after freedom, in 1965, the Indian government announced the forest area a national park and Department of Forest Officials approached to ensure the world's most threatened species. The lion population which had sunk to a disturbing two dozen in the year 1913, they have ascended to an agreeable 523 as indicated by 2015 census. There are 106 male, 201 female and 213 sub-grown-up lions in the wilderness.
The Gir National Park and Lion Sanctuary is collectively known as the Gir Protected Area. Gir extends more than 1,412 sq km in which around 258 sq km for the completely protected area (the national park) and 1153 km² for the Sanctuary.An essential part of the Gir Protected Area is the 4 sq km spread known as the Gir Interpretation Zone, around 12 km from SasanGir Village, the base camp of the park. The Zone has a cross-area of wild life inside the park, and a visit here practically ensures a lion locating.Situated at a separation of 65 km toward the south-east of Junagadh and 60 km to south west of Amreli, Gir National Park is perceived as a standout amongst the most vital ensured regions in Asia because of its upheld species and is accessible for photograph safaris.
Wild Life in Gir
Animals:The whole forest range of the Gir National Park is dry and deciduous and some marshland which gives best environment to Asiatic Lions and the tremendous assortments of wild animals to wander openly and securely. According to the new statics of 2015, the whole Saurashtra Region is possessed by 523 Lions and more than 300 Leopards. Aside from these two creatures the Gir is a home to Chital, Nilgai (or Blue bull), Antelope, Sambar, Wild hog. The Girwoods is additionally known for the Chowsingha – the world's exclusive four horned impala. Indian Cobras, Sloth bears, Jungle felines, Golden Jackals, Indian Palm Civets, Indian Mongoose and Ratels. Desert cats, striped Hyena and India Fox are a portion of the littler carnivores found in Gir Forest.
Birds: The extraordinary vegetation of Gir National Park offers safe house to more than 300 types of birds and additionally the sanctuary has been announced a critical fledgling territory by the Indian Bird Conservation Network. The scrounger gathering of flying creatures has 6 recorded types of Vultures. Some of the normal types of Gir incorporate Crested Serpent Eagle, Brown Fish Owl, Crested Hawk-bird, jeopardized Bonelli's Eagle, Rock Bush-Quail, Indian Eagle-Owl, Black-headed Oriole, Pygmy Woodpecker, Crested Treeswift and Indian Pitta. For raptors like fundamentally jeopardized white-sponsored and since quite a while ago charged vulturesGir is likewise natural surroundings.
Reptiles:Gir is honored with more than 40 types of reptiles and creatures of land and water. Kamleshwar – an extensive repository in the sanctuary is the best spot where Marsh Crocodile and the Monitor Lizard can be found in vast numbers. Park has even numerous types of snake including King Kobra, the Russell's snake, Saw-scaled snake and the Krait.
Vegetation / Flora in SasanGir
The vast majority of the zone In Girinvolved rough hills, with high edges and thickly forested valleys, wide prairie levels, and confined peaks. Around half of the forested territory of the national park is being loaded down with teak forest, with other flower assortments like khair, dhavdo, timru, amla, and numerous others. The other half is non-teak woodland, with samai, simal, khakhro and asundrojambu, umro, amli, vad and kalam; for the most part broadleaf and evergreen trees. The river Hiran is the one and only to stream year-round; with rest of the inflows being occasional. There are additionally ranges of the recreation center with open scour and savannah-kind of grassland.
Gir Interpretation Zone, Devaliya:
Devaliya Safari Park is encased range of the Sanctuary that offers a decent open door for guests to encounter a rural stunner and wild of the territory. The safari visit is led in a small transport that takes guests to another cross segment of the Gir. Voyagers can watch here a decent assortment of untamed life in only 20 to 30 minutes visit including Asiatic Lion.
Temperature : The most extreme and least temperatures are 44.4ºC and 10ºC separately.
Rainfall : Rainfall is whimsical and sporadically appropriated, the greatest and least precipitation being 1866 mm and 199 mm individually with a normal being 980 mm.
Wind : Wind blows mostly from north-west to south-east amid October to March and changes to south-east to north-west amid summer and rainstorm.
Attractions in SasanGir
KamleshwarDam : this is the most essential dam in the territory being worked over the Hiran River. Situated inside the region of Gir National Park, the Kamleshwar Dam really serves as a life saver of the reserve range where the vacationers can discover incredible varieties of bog crocodiles.
TulsiShyamTemple : this is a well knowntemple in the zone devoted to Lord Krishna. Individuals ensure shot visit to this temple where major hot springs close to the temple are the other significant attraction.
Crocodile Breeding Farm :The Crocodile Breeding Farm is an engaging spot to find out about the reproducing of the crocodiles. The farm is close to the SasanGir Reserve.
Jeep Safaris in Gir
The majority of the travellersexplore the sanctuary looking for Asiatic Lions. The lions, a littler more minimized adaptation of their African cousins are best seen at first light or nightfall when they are on the move. To have an incredible safari involvement with SasanGir, the benefit of jeep safari with a help of a guide is useful. The Gir Forest Department additionally sorts out "Lion Shows" for much fun. They ensure that you can see the lions at short proximity so they send trackers early morning determined to the found places and entice them with live lures.
Every day amusement drives in Open 4WD safari vehicles
- 06:30 AM to 08:30 AM,
- 08:30 AM to 10:30 AM and
- 03:00 PM to 05:30 PM.
- Park opening time to visit getting it done season-fifteenth Oct till fifteenth June
Best time to visit Gir
Gir is open to visitors throughout the year except during the monsoon (between June and October). By far the best time to visit the park is the cool and dry weather between late-November and early-March is the recommended visiting period. During this period it is easier to sight the wildlife in the open.
Resorts/Hotels in SasanGir
For the best accommodation facility at the SasanGir Reserve area, numerous amazing hotels and resorts are accessible to make the natural life travel more express. These hotels are attributed with salubrious facilities and services to make your natural life visit charming and memorable. Find the best names with us to settle on anperfect decision amid your visit to Gir National Park.
Gir National Park Travel Tips
Take official aides alongside you on the park outing. Wear baggy and straightforward garments that mix with the park environment. Convey a lot of water alongside you. Try not to bother the creatures amid day time as the greater part of the nocturnal animals rest during day time. Try not to attempt to chafe the creatures or make them irate by teasing them. Try not to smoke inside the park. Try not to utilize streak or nosy photography. Picking of plants and creepy crawlies is entirely precluded. Outdoors and picnicking is not permitted inside the park.
How to reach Gir National Park
Via Air : The closest airplane terminal is situated at Diu at the separation of 92kms from the reserve area and Rajkot will be next helpful air terminal to Gir situated at the separation of 160 kms. From Mumbai, the sightseers can get the every day flights to these two destinations towards Gir.
By Rail : One can set out by rail to Junagadh from Ahmadabad or Rajkot and afterward take a 65 km road trip on transport or taxi to SasanGir.
By Road :Gir National Park is 60 km from Junagadh, the most widely recognized base for making a visit, and 360 kms far from Ahmadabad. The primary focus is at SasanGir, and has a forest visitor house kept up by the park, simply inverse the railroad station.